Research Philosophy Module – IBSS DBA Program
To equip students with theoretical knowledge and practical understanding of the major philosophical and methodological issues and approaches involved in carrying out scholarly business research.
Upon completion of this subject, students should be able to:
- Explain the rationale, discuss the justifications and elaborate on the appropriateness of the basis in doing scholarly research.
- Explain the underlying assumptions and limitations in the application of a specific research approaches and adoption of specific paradigms of research.
- Adopt and use relevant methodologies in the design of research, analysis of data, evaluation and synthesis the results and in explaining the phenomenon being studied or the issue being discussed.
Information gathering, data processing, interpretation, critical analysis of data and writing skills and ability to work independently.
This subject seeks to expose students to the philosophy underlying scholarly research in business. It focuses on understanding the basis of which knowledge is understood, theories are developed, data is analysed and a phenomenon is being explained. Other issues to be discussed will include epistemology of knowledge, various research paradigms and the quantitative vs qualitative debates in research.
Combinations of class lectures, tutorials, group discussions of issues and case studies and assignments.
The Foundations of Research
- Human Enquiry and the Social Sciences
- The epistemology of knowledge (the basis of ’knowledge’, The process of ’knowing’, The nature of ’knowledge’
- The oncology of being and the influence of context (how knowledge come into being and categorized” realism vs nominal’s, determinism vs indeterminism, concrete vs abstract, universal vs particulra/specific)
- Assumptions about human nature and human contribution to knowledge creation. § Herbert Simon’s concept of”Bounded Rationality” § Human nature and social order.
Paradigms, Theory and Social Research
- Social research as a scientific field of study and as a body of knowledge.
- Paradigms of Research
- Macro vs Micro Theory
- Positivism, Functionalism and Naturalism
- Symbolic Interactionism, Ethnography and Phenomenology
- Feminist, conflict and deconstructionist
- What Is Theory and what are roles of theories?
- Theory Development – Inductive vs Deductive theory construction
- Grounded Theory vs ‘a priory’ theorizing
The Quantitative vs Qualitative Debates
- Logical positivism and empiricism as a research program in the philosophy of natural science and the rationality of ‘a priori’ research.
- Critical rationalist response to logical positivism, scientific realism and their presuppositions
- The realists attack on empiricism and their alternatives
- Social science and the study of meanings and the explanation of social behavior and The roles of values in social science.
- Social theory, political practices and critical alternative to naturalism
- Contemporary anti-positivist theories of the sciences
The Research Frameworks
- The research framework
- The theoretical framework
- The explanatory and analytical frameworks
- The conceptual framework
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